Manuscript requirements

Manuscript Template

Format of papers

Article files must be provided in PDF.

Length of papers

Full papers should be between 2000 and 5000 words in length, including references and appendices.

Lightening papers should be between 2000 and 3000 words in length, including references and appendices.


The title should match the title of the presentation.


Headings must be concise, with a clear indication of the distinction between the hierarchies of headings. The preferred format is for first level headings to be presented in bold format and subsequent sub-headings to be presented in medium italics.


Notes or endnotes should be used only if absolutely necessary and must be identified in the text by consecutive numbers, enclosed in square brackets and listed at the end of the paper.


All figures (charts, diagrams, line drawings, web pages/screenshots, and photographic images) should be included in the PDF, in the exact location where they are to be published. All figures should be of high quality, legible and numbered consecutively with arabic numerals. Colour enhances the legibility of Graphics.


Tables should be typed and included in the main body of the article. Ensure that any superscripts or asterisks are shown next to the relevant items and have corresponding explanations displayed as footnotes to the table, figure or plate.


References should be in Harvard style, carefully checked for completeness, accuracy and consistency.

Publications should be cited in the text: (Adams, 2006) using the first named author’s name, or (Adams and Brown, 2006) citing both names of two, or (Adams et al., 2006), when there are three or more authors.

At the end of the paper a reference list in alphabetical order should be supplied:

For books Surname, Initials (year), Title of Book, Publisher, Place of publication. e.g. Harrow, R. (2005), No Place to Hide, Simon & Schuster, New York, NY.
For book chapters Surname, Initials (year), “Chapter title”, Editor’s Surname, Initials, Title of Book, Publisher, Place of publication, pages. e.g. Calabrese, F.A. (2005), “The early pathways: theory to practice – a continuum”, in Stankosky, M. (Ed.), Creating the Discipline of Knowledge Management, Elsevier, New York, NY, pp. 15-20.
For journals Surname, Initials (year), “Title of article”, Journal Name, volume issue, pages. e.g. Capizzi, M.T. and Ferguson, R. (2005), “Loyalty trends for the twenty-first century”, Journal of Consumer Marketing, Vol. 22 No. 2, pp. 72-80.
For published conference proceedings Surname, Initials (year of publication), “Title of paper”, in Surname, Initials (Ed.), Title of published proceeding which may include place and date(s) held, Publisher, Place of publication, Page numbers. e.g. Jakkilinki, R., Georgievski, M. and Sharda, N. (2007), “Connecting destinations with an ontology-based e-tourism planner”, in Information and communication technologies in tourism 2007 proceedings of the international conference in Ljubljana, Slovenia, 2007, Springer-Verlag, Vienna, pp. 12-32.
For unpublished conference proceedings Surname, Initials (year), “Title of paper”, paper presented at Name of Conference, date of conference, place of conference, available at: URL if freely available on the internet (accessed date). e.g. Aumueller, D. (2005), “Semantic authoring and retrieval within a wiki”, paper presented at the European Semantic Web Conference (ESWC), 29 May-1 June, Heraklion, Crete, available at: (accessed 20 February 2017).
For working papers Surname, Initials (year), “Title of article”, working paper [number if available], Institution or organization, Place of organization, date. e.g. Moizer, P. (2003), “How published academic research can inform policy decisions: the case of mandatory rotation of audit appointments”, working paper, Leeds University Business School, University of Leeds, Leeds, 28 March.
For encyclopedia entries (with no author or editor) Title of Encyclopedia (year) “Title of entry”, volume, edition, Title of Encyclopedia, Publisher, Place of publication, pages. e.g. Encyclopaedia Britannica (1926) “Psychology of culture contact”, Vol. 1, 13th ed., Encyclopaedia Britannica, London and New York, NY, pp. 765-71. (For authored entries please refer to book chapter guidelines above)
For newspaper articles (authored) Surname, Initials (year), “Article title”, Newspaper, date, pages. e.g. Smith, A. (2008), “Money for old rope”, Daily News, 21 January, pp. 1, 3-4.
For newspaper articles (non-authored) Newspaper (year), “Article title”, date, pages. e.g. Daily News (2008), “Small change”, 2 February, p. 7.
For archival or other unpublished sources Surname, Initials, (year), “Title of document”, Unpublished Manuscript, collection name, inventory record, name of archive, location of archive. e.g. Litman, S. (1902), “Mechanism & Technique of Commerce”, Unpublished Manuscript, Simon Litman Papers, Record series 9/5/29 Box 3, University of Illinois Archives, Urbana-Champaign, IL.
For electronic sources If available online, the full URL should be supplied at the end of the reference, as well as a date that the resource was accessed. e.g. Castle, B. (2005), “Introduction to web services for remote portlets”, available at: (accessed 12 May 2017). Standalone URLs, i.e. without an author or date, should be included either within parentheses within the main text, or preferably set as a note (roman numeral within square brackets within text followed by the full URL address at the end of the paper).


Author details

    • Correct email addresses should be supplied for each author.
    • The full name of each author must be in the exact format they should appear for publication, including or excluding any middle names or initials as required
    • The affiliation of each contributing author should be correct, showing where the author was based at the time that the research for the paper was conducted.


Third party copyright permissions

Prior to submission, authors should clear permission to use any content that has not been created by them. Failure to do so will lead to the paper being excluded from the Proceedings.

When reproducing tables, figures or excerpts (of more than 250 words) from another source, it is expected that:

  1. Authors obtain the necessary written permission in advance from any third party owners of copyright for the use in print and electronic formats of any of their text, illustrations, graphics, or other material, in their manuscript.  Permission must also be cleared for any minor adaptations of any work not created by them.
  2. If an author adapts significantly any material, the author must inform the copyright holder of the original work.
  3. Authors obtain any proof of consent statements
  4. Authors must always acknowledge the source in figure captions and refer to the source in the reference list.


Manuscript Template